Alice's Adventures in Wonderland (commonly shortened to Alice in Wonderland) is an 1865 novel written by English author Charles Lutwidge Dodgson under the pseudonym Lewis Carroll.
It tells of a girl named Alice who falls down a rabbit hole into a fantasy world populated by peculiar, anthropomorphic creatures.
The tale plays with logic, giving the story lasting popularity with adults as well as with children.
It is considered to be one of the best examples of the literary nonsense genre.
Its narrative course and structure, characters and imagery have been enormously influential in both popular culture and literature, especially in the fantasy genre.
-Chapter One – Down the Rabbit Hole
Alice is feeling bored while sitting on the riverbank with her elder sister, when she notices a talking, clothed White Rabbit with a pocket watch run past.
She follows it down a rabbit hole when suddenly she falls a long way to a curious hall with many locked doors of all sizes.
She finds a small key to a door too small for her to fit through, but through it she sees an attractive garden.
She then discovers a bottle on a table labelled "DRINK ME," the contents of which cause her to shrink too small to reach the key which she has left on the table.
She eats a cake with "EAT ME" written on it in currants as the chapter closes.
-Chapter Two – The Pool of Tears
Chapter Two opens with Alice growing to such a tremendous size her head hits the ceiling.
Alice is unhappy and, as she cries, her tears flood the hallway.
After shrinking down again due to a fan she had picked up, Alice swims through her own tears and meets a Mouse, who is swimming as well.
She tries to make small talk with him in elementary French (thinking he may be a French mouse) but her opening gambit "Où est ma chatte?" (that is "Where is my cat?") offends the mouse and he tries to escape her.
-Chapter Three – The Caucus Race and a Long Tale
The sea of tears becomes crowded with other animals and birds that have been swept away by the rising waters.
Alice and the other animals convene on the bank and the question among them is how to get dry again.
The Mouse gives them a very dry lecture on William the Conqueror.
A Dodo decides that the best thing to dry them off would be a Caucus-Race, which consists of everyone running in a circle with no clear winner.
Alice eventually frightens all the animals away, unwittingly, by talking about her (moderately ferocious) cat.
-Chapter Four – The Rabbit Sends a Little Bill
The White Rabbit appears again in search of the Duchess's gloves and fan.
Mistaking her for his maidservant, Mary Ann, he orders Alice to go into the house and retrieve them, but once she gets inside she starts growing.
The horrified Rabbit orders his gardener, Bill the Lizard, to climb on the roof and go down the chimney. Outside, Alice hears the voices of animals that have gathered to gawk at her giant arm.
The crowd hurls pebbles at her, which turn into little cakes. Alice eats them, and they reduce her again in size.
-Chapter Five – Advice from a Caterpillar
Alice comes upon a mushroom and sitting on it is a blue Caterpillar smoking a hookah.
The Caterpillar questions Alice and she admits to her current identity crisis, compounded by her inability to remember a poem.
Before crawling away, the caterpillar tells Alice that one side of the mushroom will make her taller and the other side will make her shorter.
She breaks off two pieces from the mushroom.
One side makes her shrink smaller than ever, while another causes her neck to grow high into the trees, where a pigeon mistakes her for a serpent.
With some effort, Alice brings herself back to her normal height.
She stumbles upon a small estate and uses the mushroom to reach a more appropriate height.
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