Aquaponic is the combination of aquaculture (fish farming) and hydroponics (cultivating plants without soil). In aquaponic, water containing nutrients generated from fish farming is a source of natural fertilizer for plants growing. Plants themselves consume nutrients, and helps to purify the water for fish life, so it is a natural microbial process that makes the fish and the plants remain sehatsehat. This creates a sustainable ecosystem where both plants and fish can thrive. Hydroponic growing systems of plants in a solution of water and nutrients, without soil. The solution can be prepared by adding the necessary elements of plants in water, which is absorbed directly into the plant roots. In some hydroponic systems the roots are in a growing medium that keeps them moist, aerated and the amount of oxygen also helps to support the plant. In aquaculture, fast water rich with nutrients for the fish to digest food and dispose of wastewater. Waste water is usually filtered free from useless waste.
We admit, models of aquaculture is not entirely optimal as a potential business, but in the future, it is not possible it be a business that can work on a commercial basis, because by combining aquaponics, farmers hydroponics can eliminate the cost and labor involved in mixing the fertilizer solution and aquaculture commercial possibly can drastically reduce the amount of filtration required in circulation fish farming.
Aquaponics is a very efficient method of growing food that uses a minimum of water and space and utilizing the waste, so the final product is organic, healthy fish and vegetables. From a nutritional standpoint, aquaponics provide food in the form of both proteins (from fish) and vegetables.
There are various aquaponic system configuration. Components common to every aquaponic system is the fish tank and plant growth. Variables include filtration components, plumbing components, the type of bedding plants and the amount and frequency of water circulation and aeration. In general, the system utilizes multiple filtration to remove solid waste fish will have higher production of fish and plants than those who do not use filtration. There are three main methods aquaponic emerged in the industry. Each if the method is based on the design of the hydroponic system, with accommodation for fish and filtration, including Rafting sytem, NFT (Nutrient Film Technique) and growing media.
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